Wednesday, December 5, 2018

Startling similarities between my integrated theory on Dark Matter and Dark Energy that was first published in 2012 and a new theory published today!!

I am so excited now!

I had first published my integrated hypothesis of dark matter and dark energy titled the Perforated Universe Hypothesis in 2012. Today, I read that Dr. Jamie Farnes from the Oxford e-Research Centre has just published (today) a theory that is almost exactly identical to mine.
Here are the common elements of my hypotheses and Dr. Farnes' theory:

My hypotheses
Dr. Farnes' theory
Proposes an integrated model of both dark energy and dark matter
Proposes Gravitational Repulsion as the driving force that causes the observed effects
Proposes the continuous generation of this gravitationally repulsive substance
Proposes the presence of dark matter in halos, which hold together the galaxies

I had even created a video that explains the hypotheses and posted it on Youtube in July 2012. I must admit, my original hypotheses was a bit too ambitious. It tried to explain not just dark matter & dark energy but also went much further. Perhaps that may not have been a good idea. You may watch the original video (posted on Youtube on July 13, 2012)  below. :

You can find the original paper on Scribd (also posted in July 2012) at

My blog post containing both the video and the Scribd paper can be found at:

I had also sent emails to some scientists working in the field explaining my hypothesis. You may find the text of my email in my blog post, posted on June 18, 2014, here:

I am reproducing sections of that blog post below:
Now, what is this ‘Dark Matter’ and why is it gravitationally repulsive with respect to normal matter? My understanding of General Relativity tells me that (attractive) gravity is the (negative) curvature of space-time caused by matter within our universe. Then, would it be right to assume that matter outside our universe can positively curve our space-time thus causing gravitational repulsion? Therefore Dark Matter could in essence be matter in this universe but not of this universe. To elaborate, Dark Matter could be matter contained in microscopic bubble universes within our own universe. Hence Dark Matter is both outside our universe and in our universe! They are separate universes since they are bounded by spatially 2 dimensional M brane ‘bubbles’ or perforations. Since with respect to our universe, they would be positively curved, these spatial bubbles would be gravitationally repulsive with the normal matter of our universe.
 In summary this idea, which I call the "Perforated Universe Hypothesis" proposes an integrated explanation for Dark Matter and Dark Energy. Dark Matter as extradimensional matter trapped in "perforations" in our universe's 3 dimensional (excluding time) space, where only the gravitational effects leak through. They are wrapped in closed 2 dimensional M branes, much like fine bubbles. Since their space-time is positively curved with respect to our universe, they would be gravitationally repulsive with matter in our universe. Hence this dark matter would only be present in gravitationally neutral areas outside concentrations of matter such as stars and planets, akin to a foamy but invisible shell around planets, stars, planetary systems and galaxies. They would be exerting a "soft" repulsive force towards normal matter. This explains the presence of dark matter in the halos around our galaxy, whose repulsive push keeps the stars in the periphery within orbits inside the galaxy. Also as the repulsive force that pushes galaxies apart causing the observed accelerated expansion of the universe.
Then in 2015, I self-published a science fiction novel, "The Intersection Man," in which one of my characters, a scientist, puts forward this exact hypothesis. I explain this in great detail in the novel. This paves the way to the artificial creation of something I labeled, Gravitationally Repulsive Medium (GRM). The GRM thus created, causes a revolution in almost all facets of human life, from architecture to aviation and even medicine.
The success of "The Intersection Man," motivated me to write the sequel, which was published as a single novel (including the first part and two more major sections) in September 2017. However, this time, I changed the title to "Intersection Man" (without the definite article "the"). In the book, I go much further and even propose where exactly on Earth, this GRM can be found. I provide my reasons as well. More details of my novel, including reviews, Facebook page, links to Amazon (ebook & paperback) can be found at

In the following months, I also came across some more supporting evidence for my hypothesis, two of which are listed below:

  1. The recent discovery of the Kordylewski dust clouds in the L4 and L5 Lagrange points of the Earth–Moon system:

    I had earlier proposed the accumulation of dark matter (GRM) in gravitationally neutral points such as the Lagrange points. The presence of dust clouds at L4 & L5, by themselves, may not point to dark matter, but the fact the dust has not coalesced into a large rock clump does raise questions of some repulsive force acting against the attractive gravity of such a large body of dust (each almost 9 times the size of the Earth). This is especially so since these dust clouds have been around for millions of years. With my limited resources, I tried to simulate a cloud (of well, 4-sided die, each 2 gm) in neutral space using Universe Sandbox2. Each particle (the 4-sided die) was suspended a few 100 meters away from each other. It took about 15 years (simulated) for the dies to come together. I realize that this was only a very rough simulation (may not be very good), but still, I think a proper simulation would reveal that this dust cloud (without any repulsive dark matter) should have clumped up into larger structures due to the attractive gravity. Whereas the continuous accumulation of repulsive dark matter would prevent this clumping and preserve the dust cloud's rarefied dispersion. Just like the dust particles, the dark matter too will be vulnerable to the tugs of the Earth and Moon at the peripheries of the cloud, causing a continuous transit of DM and dust in and out of the cloud.
  2. The recent discovery of cosmic rays shooting up out of Antartica:

    While this may not be a strong supporting phenomenon, this can be explained by gravitationally repulsive dark matter. I had, in my hypothesis, proposed the creation of cosmic rays under certain conditions along with the dark matter. While this stream of dark matter, being gravitationally repulsive, would "fall up," it would tend to take with it cosmic rays as well, accounting for this phenomenon. 
Thank you,

Hari Kumar Nair

December 5th, 2018
Toronto, CANADA

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